Vedic math is a collection of ancient mathematical concepts that can be used to implement arithmetic operations quickly and efficiently. They include applications of arithmetical computation, theory of numbers, mathematical and algebraic operations, calculus and geometry. Discovered in 1900 with principles to perform calculations, Vedic math and its concepts can be taught to children at an early age.
Vedic math is considered one of the most refined and efficient mathematical systems used to perform calculations. Discovered by Indian mathematician Jagadguru Shri Bharathi in the period between AD 1911 and 1918 Vedic math can be used to calculate mathematics tricks faster. Children can learn Vedic math concepts at an early age.
Why Should You Learn Vedic Math?
Vedic math provides answers to problems and equations in a simple form as opposed to the several steps of traditional mathematics. The distinctiveness of Vedic math lies in its simplicity, all calculations can be done on pen and paper. The approach lies in solving problems by stimulating and sharpening the mind, memory and focus. Vedic math has the ability to improve creativity and innovation.
Vedic maths isn’t too difficult to learn, it helps students look beyond basic math. Once students learn its basic concepts, they can get creative with their approach and apply its theory. An understanding of Vedic math enhances a student’s ability to participate in competitive tests and gives them an edge over others.
Applications of Vedic Math
Vedic math has the ability to enhance a student’s math skills, for example, the speed building method of addition is related to the speed building method of multiplication. These methods are easy to learn and implement while doing math sums. One of the advantages of Vedic math is that it is logical and consistent.
Vedic math has time-saving techniques known as Vedic sutras; these are shortcut formulas for doing calculations faster. When used successfully speed calculations will enhance your math abilities. Let us now explore a few Vedic math techniques for addition, subtraction and multiplication.
Vedic Math for Addition
The addition is one of the most basic steps of Vedic math. When using Vedic math in addition follow these steps.
- Find out the number closest to the 10s multiple because it is easier to add those numbers.
7, 8, 9 close to 10
21, 22, 23 close to 20
67, 68, 69, are close to 70
97, 98, 99, are close to 100 ……. and so on.
- 2. Add the numbers which are the multiples of 10s
- 3. Add/Subtract the deficiency of numbers.
Suppose, we have to add 27 and 98.
So, Vedic math tells us to add 30 and 100 which is 130 and then subtract (3+2) i.e., the deficiency from 130. The result will be 125.
Similarly, if we add 66 and 576.
Vedic math tells us to add 70 and 580 which is 650 and then subtract (4+4) i.e., the deficiency from 650. The result will be 642.
Vedic Math for Subtraction
For subtraction using Vedic math, follow these steps:
- If the subtrahend is less than minuend, we subtract the numbers directly.
- If any digit in minuend is less than the corresponding digit in subtrahend, we use the concept of complements.
1) When the subtrahend is less than minuend: If we have to subtract 47 from 98, then, we can directly subtract the digits in subtrahend from the corresponding digits in minuend.
98 – 47 = 51
2) When any digit in minuend is less than the corresponding digit in subtrahend: 896 – 239
In this case when the digit in subtrahend is greater, we use the complement symbol while subtracting as shown below:
896 – 239 = 66¯33¯
The complement of 3 = ¯33¯ = 10 – 3 = 7
While replacing the value of ¯33¯, we subtract 1 from the digit in the next place. Here, 1 will be subtracted from 6.
Therefore, 896 – 239 = 657.
Vedic Math For Multiplication
There are several techniques used to perform different types of multiplications using Vedic math.
Here are a few:
The trick of 11:
Step 1:- Divide the number into two parts
Step 2:- Add the two parts which will form the middle number
Let us say that we have to multiply 32 with 11.
Step 1: Divide 32 into 3 and 2
Step 2: The middle will be 3 + 2 = 5
So, our answer to 32 × 11 would be 352.
Similarly, 75 × 11 = 7, 7 + 5, 5. Because 7+5 = 12, we will carry 1 to the previous digit and our final answer would be 825.
To Sum It All Up...
Even though Vedic math uses valuable mathematical concepts it can improve a student’s math ability and impact the speed, understanding, and mathematical performance of problems and equations. Vedic math has a great method for mastering calculations, making students become efficient and accurate in solving math problems and equations.
Practicing Vedic math for a few minutes every day will do wonders for students seeking to improve their math skills and mental calculations.
The Online Math Center can help you master Vedic math and other mathematical techniques successfully; reach out to our awesome math tutors to learn more.